9 feet tall
1 or 2 in Winter
5-50 during the breeding season
Name of Young
- Ostriches are the tallest and heaviest living birds on Earth. They live in the central and southern savannahs of Africa. They are unable to fly, but are very strong runners. and can reach speeds of up to 60 mph.
- Ostriches also lay the largest eggs of any species of birds alive. Their eggs are about 6 inches long and 5 inches wide and weigh about 3 lbs, or 20 times the weight of an average chicken egg.
- They have two toes on each foot, and each foot has a single long claw. This claw is used both for traction when running and for defense against predators such as lions.
- Ostriches perform elaborate mating rituals involving dancing and bowing. Females are also attracted to the males’ dramatic coloration.
- Ostriches have no teeth, so they swallow pebbles to grind food in their gizzard (a specialized stomach for grinding food).
Did You Know?
Ostriches have a symbiotic relationship with other species. This means that both benefit from the relationship. They live among herds of wildebeest or zebras. Ostriches eat the insects they kick up, and alert the herd to any danger nearby.