Wild: 15 years
Females: 4.7-5.9 ft
Males: 5.7-8.2 ft
Males: 330-550 lbs
Name of Young
- African lions are a species of African big cat. They are the second largest big cat, after tigers. The Swahili word for lion is “simba.” Simba also means “king,” “strong,” and “aggressive.”
- Lions live in groups called prides and the majority of members are related females and their young with only a few adult males. When a male becomes an adult, he will leave to form his own pride.
- Male lions are easily distinguished from females. Males hare larger and have bushy manes. As cubs, lions have spots called rosettes that mostly fade once they reach adulthood.
- Not all lions live in prides. Some are nomadic and live alone or in pairs. Nomads may join a pride and a lion in a pride may become nomadic.
- Lions are carnivores and hunt large animals including wildebeest, zebras, impalas, and warthogs.
Did You Know?
Females do much of the pride’s hunting. They are more swift and have better camouflage. Lionesses work together in groups to take down large prey. Their black tip ears allow them to see where the others are positioned.